What is some of the heart attack effects and long term effects of a Heart attack?How does a heart attack affect your body?
The effects of a heart attack depend on the severity of the heart attack and how many complications occur during and following the heart attack. Some mild heart attacks have no complications while others severely affect the individual and may reduce their life expectancy dramatically. The complications depend on the extent of the muscle damage to the heart, the location of the damage to the heart muscle and whether it shows up immediately or weeks later.
One of the complications of the coronary is heart arrhythmia or abnormal heartbeats. Since the heart rate and rhythm comes from an electrical impulse, damage can interrupt or change the pathways of the impulse. The change creates arrhythmias.
Some of the arrhythmia like atrial arrhythmia may not cause many problems but still need attention. Atrial arrhythmia includes atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter. Life threatening arrhythmias, such as ventricular arrhythmias, are quite serious, may be life threatening and often occur within the first 24 hours following a coronary. Recognizing the signs of this type of arrhythmia early saves many lives each year.
One of the side effects of a heart attack is that pain sometimes continues after a heart attack and this postinfarction angina might indicate that the blood flow to the heart is inadequate. The patients may suffer further coronaries call reinfarction.
In cases such as this, about five to twenty percent of the people have a second event involving either the same area of the heart or a new region. This normally occurs n the first six weeks following the original coronary. Cardiac catheterization, angioplasty and coronary bypass surgery often follows a heart attack to restore the blood and avoid more damage to the heart muscle.
If the heart receives dramatic damage, heart failure might occur. In cases where more than thirty percent of the left ventricle wall has damage, the person develops congestive heart failure. Sometimes there's shortness of breath due to lung fluid building. Cardiac bypass surgery may be necessary.
Cardiogenic shock occurs when more than forty percent of the left ventricle muscle has damage. There's not enough blood pumped to maintain the other parts of the body and little by little, urine output decreases, blood pressure drops, mental confusion ensues and the arms and legs are cold.
Blood clots also may form and pass to other areas of the body. Inactivity and bed rest increases the possibility of these forming. If the clot travels, then it can cause stroke or lead to pulmonary blockage, blockage of blood to the lungs.
There are possibilities of mechanical complications also. Tears in the muscle tissue that directs the flow of the blood, tearing of the wall of the left ventricle, tearing the wall between the right and left ventricle and aneurysms can occur. Each one has varying degrees of danger.
Finally,heart attack effects problems from short-term inflammation of the heart sac can occur. The patient may feel pain and have a fever when this happens. Doctors listen to the heart and the sound distinguishes pericarditis, the inflammation, from angina. Clot busing drugs help reduce the frequency of this occurring. Aspirin is a treatment for this heart attack effects .